|Successful Press Section Management
by Means of
EnviroScan™ and FeltView™ Measurement
Voith Paper Automation Japan Ltd.
Voith Paper Automation GmbH & Co. KG
Some years ago a one-nip press concept appeared to be a vision that
was out of reach. As a press concept like this provides obvious benefits
to papermakers. Both woodfree and woodcontaining papers have their
own individual dewatering behavior during pressing. Finally, it turned
out that woodfree paper grades reach a sufficient dryness level after
one nip only.
This paper describes the press configuration, the successful press
section management by means of EnviroScan™ and FeltView™,
and the layout data of the commercial reference machine. EnviroScan™ is
a single beam compact scanner with moisture and sheet temperature
measurements embedded inside the scanner frame as special designed.
The scanner and the embedded both moisture and sheet temperature
measurement are fully protected from the severe environment. FeltView™ is a press felt optimization system provides scanning measurement
of water weight, permeability and surface temperature for up to four
press felts. Both EnviroScan™ and FeltView™ should be standard
for all Single NipcoFlex Press.
The Field Performance of MJ Former for Packaging Grade
Akihito Nagano and Kazuhiko Masuda
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, LTD.
The features and performance of "MJ Former", high speed roll
former for packaging grade has been presented at 2004 Japan Tappi.
first installation has successfully started up in Germany one week
ahead of schedule. This paper machine has already reached design
speed on brown grade. Paper qualities are excellent and achieved
This paper presents the project outline and performance of paper
machine high lighting "MJ Former".
Operating Experience of Headbox with Dilution Control System
Saga Mill, Oji Paperboard Co., Ltd.
In 1985, a 5-layer Highspeed Ultra Former was introduced to PM5
in Saga Mill of Oji Paperboard Co., Ltd. Along with the speed-up
of the machine, the flow rate through the headboxes increased and
exceeded the design rate, resulting in bad BD profiles and exposure
of the ridge problems (oil drum-like wrinkles). To solve them,
the headboxes have been replaced systematically since 1997 and
a micro-rod BD profiling system was brought in 2002. Then, we installed
a Dilution Control System as a final stage.
The installation of the Dilution Control System has provided
the improvement of the BD and caliper profile by up to 48% and
25%, respectively. In addition, the down-time for grade change
and start-up has been cut by 2.4 minute and 3.8 minute on an average,
The outline, the operating experience, and the advantage of the
headboxes with the Dilution Control System introduced to the PM5
are summarized in this report.
Development and Operational Suitability Test-Result of
High Efficiency Washer 「Zekoo」
Saeko Akiyama, Takefumi Ide and Kiyoshi Yoda
TAIZEN Co., LTD.
In the Paper Industry, the need for Waste Papers has been increasing
more and more. In the process technology for Waste Papers, the
pulping process by the kneading method, which is our specialty,
has been main current and so the quality of Waste-Pulps is very
Then we have aimed at a High concentration Washer to gain the
more high quality of Waste Pulps. After many times of the trial
error, we have finally developed our vertical washer with separator,
which is "Zekoo"
This "Zekoo" is capable of high−grade washing for Waste Pulps
by our original mechanisms, which are the centrifugal dehydration,
the kneading action , the turbulence and the efficient replacement
of washing water by fresh water. And the vertical structure of
Zekoo enables it to save the installation place and fresh water
usages. And this "Zekoo" is designed to be applicable to wide concentrations
of pulps and to be simple in the operations and the maintenances.
In the actual running of Zekoo, some potentials like as high grade
rejection capacity of carbons and ashes and recovery capacity of
fibers are demonstrated.
Now we present this epoch-making washer "Zekoo" to the Paper Industry,
in which the need for the Waste Papers is increasing more and more
in the future.
Equipment and Methods for Reliability-based Maintenance Strategies
in the Paper Industry
F'IS Paper & Steel, FAG Industrial Service GmbH
Aimed availability of more than 95% in the paper industry does
not allows any unscheduled shutdowns. This necessitates the employment
of suitable inspections, measurements and monitoring in order to
be able to reliably assess the condition of the equipment and detect
damage to machinery early on. With online, a minimal damage or
condition changes can be detected at a very early stage in comparison
Online condition monitoring allows a fast reaction time to plan
the maintenance activities and guarantee highest reliability, but
only with a consequent root cause analysis and counter measure,
downtime can be reduced substantially.
Total Wet-end System with Reduced Alum Dosage for Linerboard
Takao Sezaki and Yasuhide Yoshimoto
Paper Chemicals Division, Harima Chemicals, Inc.
In papermaking industry, operating conditions are changing rapidly
in order to cope with a rise in worldwide environmental awareness
and unavoidable rationalization aiming to improve the profitability.
In linerboard, the amount of calcium carbonate that contaminates
the wet-end process tends to increase due to an increase in the
recycling ratio of magazine. Consequently, such contamination could
lead to the problem of frequent trouble by heavy gypsum scale and
reduction in performance of wet-end additives because of the raised
Under these situations, reduction of alum is expected to bring
a lot of merits in linerboard production. On the other hand, some
demerits would also arise from it. The application of "Total Wet-end
System" is able to not only get rid of these demerits but also
improve the quality of linerboard. We introduce the "Total Wet-end
System" with reduced alum dosage, which can offer a solution to
the difficulties including the contribution to the environmental
protection, quality improvement, and increase of the productivity
Reduction in Effluent Load by Proper Wet-end Chemistry
Koichi Tadaki, Tomoko Asada, Miho Kato and Shigeru Kurose
Chemicals for Pulp & Paper Technical Dept., Somar Corporation
In recent paper industry, global environmental protection is a
big concern beside productivity, run ability and quality improvement.
Increased recycled fiber usage promoted by global resource protection
and environmental concern brings more foreign materials such as
pitch and anionic trash in papermaking system.
At Somar we have been working on wet-end improvement agent "REALIZER
A Series" as functional coagulant which maximizes the effect of
variety of wet-end chemicals. Latest polymer technology help us
to develop another functional retention aids as "REALIZER R Series"
and "REXER FX Series" which are effective in fine and ash retention.
Synergistic effect of the combination of these chemicals to improve
wet-end performance is referred as "AXISZ SYSTEM". In addition
to these chemical developments, long experience in slime control
technology in papermaking process at Somar helps us to develop
most effective biocide system "CURECIDE SYSTEM". The optimum wet-end
control system could be built though the use of our chemical system
which gives maximum effect with minimum chemical dosage. Possible
reduction in many wet-end chemicals contributes lowering effluent
load as well.
This paper describes the effect of reduction in effluent load
by optimizing wet-end operation using "AXISZ SYSTEM" and "CURECIDE
Density Decreaser for Paper
- MUSCUT Series -
Yuichi Tomoda, Takashi Tanaka and Youichi Mukougawa
Paper & Pulp Group, Specialty Chemical R&D Department
Research & Development Division, NICCA CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
Recently, "kasadaka-shi", that is high-bulky paper or low-density
paper, has been widely used for book paper and paperboard. Low-density
paper is combined with chemicals, fillers or large amount of pulp
that makes bulkiness of paper. NICCA CHEMICAL has led and developed
a cationic type density decreaser with sizing effect and entered
the market with MUSCUT K-300. MUSCUT K-300 imparts not only bulkiness
and sizing effect but also opacity, whiteness and softness for
paper. Also, it shows less pitch trouble and less foaming on actual
operation because of its self- fixing ability. We have strained
for cationic density decreaser system and have continued to study
and develop. Emulsion type products had been the mainstream in
cationic type density decreasers. But we have developed a new solid
cationic type named MUSCUT KF-2000. We would like to introduce
its characteristics and applications.
Data Management of "SmartView®" Inspection System
Surface Inspection Systems Division, COGNEX K.K.
The Cognex SmartView® Inspection System provide historical
and real-time inspection data to PC workstations on the mill-wide
and to equipments (PLC, DCS, Plant Information System etc.) via
OPC/ODBC. The SmartView® OPC Data Access software provides
increased flexibility in roll summary data collection, real-time
collection, and system status and event monitoring. The SmartView® Data Archive with ODBC enables customers to access historical inspection
results using customer-developed data analysis tools or Production
Quality Advisor (PQA). PQA is a powerful suite of data analysis
and display tools for viewing both current and historical production
quality data from Data Archive Servers.
Effects of Pigments Shape on Paper Properties - II
IMERYS MINERALS JAPAN K.K.
Rajan R. Iyer
IMERYS Pigments for Paper Americas
It is well known that the flat shape of kaolin particles contribute
to paper/print gloss and opacity in coated paper. Flatter particles
give improved coverage and smoother surface properties for coated
paper. This leads to improved coating structure and results in
better print gloss. On the other hand, blocky ultrafine particles
generally show advantage on sheet gloss.
Thus, the combination of flatter and finer particle is assumed
to achieve both characteristics. However to measure a pigment's
aspect ratio is a time consuming procedure, so there seems to be
few detailed studies of the correlation between the aspect ratio
and particle size and the affect on coated paper properties.
This study aimed to research the effect of the pigment's aspect
ratio and particle size on coated paper properties in heavy coated
paper in particular, in order to understand the interactive mechanism
of such unique characteristics.
Influence of Diffused Light on Visual Perception of Print Gross
in Coated Paper
Takeshi Watanabe, Nobuhiro Matsuda and Hisashi Matsui
Polymer Research Laboratories, JSR Corporation
Recently, coated paper is required characteristics of visual perception
components like print gloss, sheet gloss and brightness and so
on. It is a trend in the differentiation of the coated paper quality
to give the product these components. "Print Gloss" is especially
an important final quality of coated paper.
However, for the print gloss, as for ''the specular gloss'' measured
with standard gloss meter and ''the visual perception of print
gloss'' that man feels in sense, all might be not the same, and
In this study, we considered that the visual perception of print
gloss was influenced by permeation, absorption and diffusion of
light in the ink layer (resins and ink pigments) and the coating
layer (pigments and binders), in addition to ruggedness on printed
surface, and investigated clarification of the key factor and the
quantification of the visual perception of print gloss with using
goniophotometer and scanning white-light interferometer.
As a result, it was found that the roughness on the printed surface
of 10μm or less influenced to the visual perception of print gloss,
furthermore the internal diffuse reflection light in the ink layer
and the coating layer greatly influenced. And then the quantification
of the visual perception of print gloss was also able to be established,
it reported with this paper.
Keywords: coated paper, visual perception of print gloss, goniophotometer,
Express Moisture CD and MD
Sales Development Dept., Honeywell Japan Inc.
Honeywell Process Solutions，Honeywell Japan Inc.
Most CD moisture profiling devices are controlled from profiles
obtained at the reel or, in the case of fine paper machines, possibly
from the pre-size press scanner. In recent years, there is a continuing
trend toward obtaining a flat moisture profile from the press section,
and as a result, some mills have installed moisture scanners following
the press section to control the sheet moisture profile. The reasons
for this include the desire are to operate the press section in
an even loading mode, to separate problems originating in the dryer
section from those originating in the press section and to produce
a uniform CD sheet bulk out of the press section.
In terms of MD Moisture, water removal in the press section is
relatively inexpensive compared to moisture removal using steam
heated dryers. Removal of an additional 1% of moisture in the press
section can decrease the steam requirements in the dryer section
by 4%, making it more economical to remove moisture mechanically
than by evaporation. Methods for improving pressing moisture removal
efficiency to reduce the moisture removal load on the dryer section
are continually sought. So the actual moisture measurements in
press would contribute to optimize the press section.
The Fiber Optics Moisture Sensor provides both CD and MD accurate
and reliable measurements in wet press and dryer section over a
broad range of paper grades, from tissue to heavy board, and of
moisture levels, from bone dry sheets at the size press to high
levels at the wet press. New generation of moisture sensor consists
of a light source, an optical fiber for delivering the radiation
to the web, a monitoring optical fiber and two detectors. The light
source and all electric devices are located to outside of the machine,
designed for maximum reliability, long operating life, and minimized
maintenance requirements. This paper presents the Honeywell new
developed Moisture sensor and applications.
For Achievement of Environmental Standard in Gulf of Toyama
- Reduction of Nitrogen / Phosphorus in Drainage -
Nomachi Mill, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.
The achievement of environmental standard situation of COD in
Gulf of Toyama changed in the low situation of 32-60% after 1997.
was concluded that a rise of COD was Inside Production of photo
plankton which assumed mineral nutrition salts (nitrogen / phosphorus)
from land level nourishment source in investigation of Toyama prefecture
in 2001, and an action of premeditated reduction of nitrogen /
phosphorus in Manufacturing and The sewerage treatment was judged
with need. This paper introduce an action in Nomachi Mill for corresponding
to a plan of Toyama prefecture.
Effect of External Fibrillation on the Retention of Filler
Taegeun Kang and Hannu Paulapuro
Helsinki University of Technology, Laboratory of Paper Technology
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of external fibrillation
of chemical pulp fibers on the retention of filler during sheet forming in
a high-vacuum dewatering device. An ultra-fine friction grinder was used to
prepare fibers with different degrees of external fibrillation, while keeping
their internal fibrillation constant.
The entrapment of filler particles was found to increase with increased internal
fibrillation of fibers in the presence of chemical aid, and it can be further
increased by promoting mostly external fibrillation of fibers. Increasing
the degree of external fibrillation alone, without changing the internal fibrillation,
can be used as means to control the retention of filler.
Keywords: External fibrillation, Internal fibrillation, Ultra-fine friction
grinder, Filler, Retention